In China, under the background of transferring to the featured modernized country, charity organization has been a hot and discussable topic in academic areas because its goal and function are fit with the policy of socializes the welfare. The level of charity undertakings development is a sign of the progress of social civilization which is an important part to achieve social security, as well as the base of building a harmonious society.
The establishment of charity concept, the development of charity together with the aid to the poverty and disaster-stricken people, are the important measures to resolve the social classes’ conflicts in the process of market-oriented economy, and the key element to carry forward the Chinese traditions and enhance the quality of citizens’ morality.
Interiorly, for example, the horrible 2008 winter storm, the May 12th Wenchuan earthquake, are full of the signs of charity humanitarian aids. The aim of these activities mentioned above is absolutely not only in materials but also in the morality improvement of the whole nation. Therefore, the charity, as an important aspect in our social structure, should not only be the jobs of particular charity organizations which contribute great to our lives. Besides that, with the efforts of these organizations, the social awareness of charity has been improved day by day.
The theory of “the Third Sector” is first out forward by a famous non-profitable study export L. M. Salomon, which means the charity organizations, government and market form a multi-beneficial triangle in function rather than a replacement in construction.
For example, the government can overcome the problems confronted by the non-profitable groups(the short of purveyance, lack of overall control, etc.) by confer the citizen rights through the legislative or democratic political process; and the charity organizations can make up the shortcomings of government such as too much programmed and stiff to social needs.
Currently, our high rate industrialization, market-oriented economy, urbanization, and legalization are framing a changing and progressing outlay. The GDP of China keeps rising by 10% per year, and urbanization rate 1% per year. Although these numbers are triumphs, the social problems behind them, such as the social protection for the farmers who lose their land and the daily increased gap between rich and poor, call for rationality.